Home Grown Gardens - "Quality Plants.....Quality Service"

Recent Posts

Something About Pruning Fruit Trees
Winterizing the Garden
Growing the Best Lawn
Spring has Sprung!!
Looking forward to 2103


Best Landscape Practices
Garden Activities
powered by

My Blog

Something About Pruning Fruit Trees

Something About Fruit Tree Pruning
The most well attended class at Home grown Gardens every year is the fruit tree pruning class.  Most of us are confused, too timid a pruner  or just don't know where to start.  There are whole books devoted to pruning fruit tree, so I can only get so much information out is a short article.  First I recommend the OSU Extension publications:
·         PNW 400 Training and Pruning Your Home Orchard, Revised July 2011
·         EC 819 Growing Tree Fruits and Nuts in the Home Orchard
·         EC 1005 Pruning to Restore an Old, Neglected Apple Tree
Also for help understanding Backyard Orchard Culture go to www.davewilson.com and look up the page and you tube help on this method of managing the home orchard.
One factor not well understood, and maybe not agreed upon by all professional is to utilize summer pruning for size control of fruit trees.  There are specific objectives to dormant pruning, working to strengthen the structural integrity of the tree and, encourage fruiting wood, removal of unwanted growth and more.  Summer pruning helps manage the size and limit the quantity of spring shoots after a heavy winter prune.
There are two systems to training a young tree, the open center, or what I often call the vase shape, and the central-leader, or Christmas tree shape.  Both can work for a backyard orchard set up.  Some may want to consider an espalier form or even a hedge row form.  The PNW 400 has good information of training for these forms.
To me one key criteria to managing your fruit trees is size control.  How high do you want to climb a ladder to prune, harvest fruit and spray your trees?  I like the idea of doing all my work from the ground, the higher I fall off a ladder the more potential damage I do to myself.  I like to idea of keeping the trees a manageable height of 8-12 feet.  Even 12 feet tall is pretty tall, but ,you can do much of the pruning work with long reach pruning tools. 
The challenge for many is when they inherit a overgrown apple tree, or any tree for that matter, and now you want to develop fruiting wood down low where you can reach it.  This effort can take years to develop the tree to the size you can work from the ground to manage it.  Sometimes the decision to remove and start over with a young tree you can train is a better option.
When it comes to how much to prune you need to understand where the fruit is borne on the tree, in other word what kind of wood bears fruit.  Here is a brief description where the fruit is borne:
·         Apples bear on spurs that last many years
·         Pears fruit also of spurs.
·         Plums and Prunes bear on spurs from 2 years and older.
·         Peaches bear on 1 year old wood.
·         Figs bear on current season wood, black figs also bear on older wood.
·         Apricots bear on one year old wood and older, some spur development.
·         Persimmons bear on current season growth.
·         Grapes bear on current season growth.
·          Cherries  bear on older wood from short spurs.
·         Blueberries bear on one year old wood.
·         Black berries bear on last year's growth.
·         Raspberries also bear on last year's growth
A lot of the work on a mature apple tree is managing the sprouts/whips.  When you are keeping an apple tree at 12 feet, and it has the genetic predisposition of being 25 feet, it will always be trying to be 25 feet.  Controlling the height becomes a battle of the whips.  Since the fruit is born on spurs on mature wood no loss of fruiting wood occurs when you cut off the whips, however, as a tree gets older the spurs may stop being productive and the need to restore fruiting spurs becomes a component of the pruning strategy.  
Peaches on the other hand bear on one year old wood and not on older wood on spurs, therefore you need to renew the growth each year so you have fruit.  A peach requires mostly thinning pruning cuts, removing up to 2/3rds of last year's wood.  If you don't do this each year the fruit bears further out on the branches, eventually leaving the branches venerable to severe breakage.
Persimmons, grapes, and figs bear fruit on current seasons growth, so as long as the tree or vine is healthy it will grow wood and bear fruit on that wood the same year.  These can be more forgiving if you accidently take off more wood that you intended to.
Whatever the kind of fruit tree you will always want to start out removing dead or weak wood first.  Make the cuts necessary for height control then cut out the wood necessary to manage the fruiting wood. 
Refer to the OSU Extension publications for more detail and instructions on pruning.  Don't be timid, do the pruning that is needed, but do your homework first so you have the confidence to make the right cuts.  Remember, once you cut it off, you can't put it back on.
Jeff Cope
Urban Horticulturalist
Home grown Gardens
February 4, 2019


25 Comments to Something About Pruning Fruit Trees:

Comments RSS
Jason Bravo on Saturday, March 09, 2019 4:02 AM
I am glad to read about ay baba g here.
Reply to comment
www.personalstatementfolks.co.uk/marketing-personal-statement on Sunday, March 10, 2019 9:12 PM
Amazed to knowing here about fruit tree pruning class because most of us are confused, too timid a pruner or just don't know where to start. Thanks a lot for giving here details of something about pruning fruit trees.

https://www.australian-writings.net/ on Saturday, March 09, 2019 4:05 AM
Its very new info for me about pruning fruit trees as you have given good info about that particular tree in this article. You should carry on posting such articles on this site to increase the attention of visitors towards this site.
Reply to comment

brain training games on Monday, March 18, 2019 10:52 PM
That's a very good post, This post give truly quality information, I'm definitely going to look into it, Really very useful tips are provided here, Thanks for sharing.
Reply to comment

Pay Someone To Write My Essay on Tuesday, March 19, 2019 2:07 AM
I am new to planting and considering for fruit trees, but read up on how to plant them and water etc, and planted them approximately a month ago, I live in central Indiana. I am requiring advice however as many people have told me I want to keep a lot of the branches trimmed off of the tree the first year others say I do not. therefore now I do not remember to take some of the branches off or leave them.
Reply to comment

yelp resume writing services on Wednesday, March 20, 2019 3:55 AM
I am usually the one who confuses easily with the idea of tree pruning. I did not even know how to start it. Anyhow, thanks for writing such an informative article which is meeting my all demands. You have done amazing job.
Reply to comment

Domi Jon on Wednesday, March 20, 2019 4:27 AM
It is interesting to read your blog post and I am going to share it with my friends. Herbew Fentos
Reply to comment

White Paper Writing on Monday, March 25, 2019 10:21 PM
Science Channel’s Are Giving A Complete Knowledge To Its Viewers About Every Thing Students Write Done Dissertation On This Subjects And Show Its Importance.
Reply to comment

Coursework Assignment Help Assistance on Monday, March 25, 2019 11:10 PM
Things Are Very Open And Intensely Clear Explanation Of Issues. Was Truly Information. Your Website Is Very Beneficial.
Reply to comment

C++ Programming Online Help on Monday, March 25, 2019 11:36 PM
I Appreciate This Work Amazing Post For Us I Like It.
Reply to comment

Dissertation Writing Help on Monday, March 25, 2019 11:48 PM
This A Good Way To Appreciate The Teacher As They Put Their Efforts To Train Students. UK Dissertation Writers Appreciates The Teachers.
Reply to comment

Essay Writing Service Reviews on Monday, March 25, 2019 11:57 PM
I Appreciate This Work Amazing Post For Us I Like It.
Reply to comment

Engineering Project Help on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 1:24 AM
Good Way Of Telling, Good Post To Take Facts Regarding My Presentation Subject Matter, Which I Am Going To Deliver In My College
Reply to comment

Finance Assignment on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 1:52 AM
Really I Appreciate The Effort You Made To Share The Knowledge. This Is Really A Great Stuff For Sharing. Keep It Up . Thanks For Sharing.
Reply to comment

Finance Assignments on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 2:14 AM
Well Thanks For Posting Such An Outstanding Idea. I Like This Blog & I Like The Topic And Thinking Of Making It Right.
Reply to comment

Assignment Help Australia on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 2:35 AM
Thanx For Sharing Such Useful Post Keep It Up :)
Reply to comment

Mesothelioma Lawyers And Asbestos Attorneys on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 2:52 AM
I Personally Like Your Post; You Have Shared Good Insights And Experiences. Keep It Up.
Reply to comment

Physics Homework Help on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 3:09 AM
I Personally Like Your Post, You Have Shared Good Article. It Will Help Me In Great Deal.
Reply to comment

Online Programming Homework Help on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 3:26 AM
We Also Share Some Information About Our Business
Reply to comment

Sociology Assignment Help on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 3:41 AM
I Personally Like Your Post, You Have Shared Good Article. It Will Help Me In Great Deal.
Reply to comment

Term Paper Writing Service on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 3:55 AM
Thanks A Lot For The Post. It Has Helped Me Get Some Nice Ideas. I Hope I Will See Some Really Good Result Soon.
Reply to comment

Ajman Free Zone on Tuesday, March 26, 2019 4:08 AM
This Is Really A Great Stuff For Sharing. Keep It Up .Thanks For Sharing.
Reply to comment

www.landscapingservicescolumbia.com on Tuesday, April 02, 2019 3:47 AM
Prune fruit trees when the leaves are off (dormant). It's easier to see what you are doing and removal of dormant buds (growing points) invigorates the remaining buds. Summer pruning removes leaves (food manufacturer), slows fruit ripening, and exposes fruit to sunburn. - Just found that somewhere and I realized I was doing the opposite.
Reply to comment

Jason Bravo on Wednesday, April 03, 2019 1:15 AM
I am glad to read about your blog where you have described outstanding information.
Reply to comment

instagram viewer on Thursday, April 04, 2019 10:40 PM
Fruit tree is always a good choice, except it attract worms in summer.
Reply to comment

Add a Comment

Your Name:
Email Address: (Required)
Make your text bigger, bold, italic and more with HTML tags. We'll show you how.
Post Comment